Cheriyal painting is a very prominent form of scroll painting from the Cheriyal district in Warangal, Andhra Pradesh. Cheriyal artists are also known as Nakashi artists and they tell various stories from Hindu mythology and epics like the Ramayan, Mahabharat and Puranas in a pictorial form.
Cheriyal painting was traditionally done on temple walls and ceilings. However, with time, people started using cloth as their medium of choice. These paintings are normally in a vertical format and range between 10 and 25mts in length and 3ft in width. Each painting can take between three and six months to complete, depending on the size.
These paintings use six main colours—black, white, indigo, red, yellow and brown. Each colour is naturally extracted from leaves, flowers, shells or stones. The extracted material is ground and mixed with gum such that it sticks to the cloth and does not spread.
Processing The Cloth
Khadi cloth is treated with a mixture of starch, suddha matti (white mud), a paste of boiled tamarind seeds and tree gum. Three coats of the mixture are applied on the cloth. With each coat, the cloth becomes thicker and stronger and remains termite-free for years. Once the cloth is ready, the artist then directly sketches on it using specially-made brushes. The thick brushes are made of goat’s hair and the thinner ones use squirrel’s hair. A bamboo stick is used as a base for the brushes.
Once the initial outlines are made, selected hand-made colours are used. Lastly, once the painting dries, a black coloured outline is made throughout the painting to highlight each element.
How to Make Your Own Cheriyal Painting
Thick paper/ handmade paper
Acrylic/ poster colours
Draw an outline of a man sitting on a chair. Add a pillar with curtains and a semi-circular design on the ceiling. The man depicted in this painting is King Dasharath from the Mahabharat.
Paint the background red. Most Cheriyal paintings have a red background.
Colour the skin with light brown or yellow ochre. In this form of painting, the skin of kings, and in some cases women, are coloured in shades of yellow, whereas ordinary people are given a pinkish skin tone.
Paint the dhoti and a part of the curtain green as shown in the picture.
Use brown to paint the cloth around the body. Paint the rest of the curtain white.
Add a beard to the face.
Add stripes of yellow on the body and attire to represent jewellery. Highlight the curtain and paint the chair and pillar yellow as shown in the picture. Yellow represents gold in this style of painting.
Highlight the jewellery and other details with white lines.
Use a fine brush and yellow colour to paint details on the clothes.
Finally, add an outline and fill in details using a thin brush and black paint.
As demonstrated by D Vaikuntam Nakash
RobinAge reporter Palak Shah met up with D Vaikuntam Nakash at a workshop organised by Paramparik Karigar in Mumbai. Founded in 1996 by Roshan Kalapesi and Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay, Paramparik Karigar is an association of various traditional craftsmen. Its main aim is to promote and preserve dying traditional arts and crafts of India. It organises workshops, seminars and exhibitions, which allow artisans to display their products, skills and knowledge.
56-year-old D Vaikuntam Nakash is a Cheriyal painting artist who has been practising this art form for more than four decades. Nakash has won two National Awards for his art, which he learnt from his father. Nakash and his sons are perhaps the only few surviving practitioners of this art form.