Brain Drain In India
By Rushabh Bhalgat, Class 9, Podar International School, Chinchwad, Pune
Problem of brain drain in India
Brain drain means migration of highly qualified experts like doctor, engineers, scientists and other trained persons from under development countries to advanced countries. More or less all the backward counties are suffering from this problem. India is also suffering from brain drain seriously at the present moment.
Thus brain drain is direct loss of trained experts in many fields to the under-developed and poor countries. On the other hand it I a net gain to the advanced counties.
According to UNO report every year thousands of experts are migrating from a backward countries like India to highly advanced counties like USA, CANADA, U.K, West Germany, etc. the under-developed counties are spending millions of rupees on the training of these experts. But the advanced counties are utilizing their service without spending ingle penny on the training. Every year thousands of talented doctors, engineers, scientists, and other intellectual leave India and migrate to foreign counties. They generally go to UA, Canada, U.K West Germany, and etc. for monetary gains and facilities for higher research.
According to an estimate very year nearly 20,000 Indians go to foreign counties from India. Out of the nearly 90 percent are science students. As pointed out by UNO report, USA is the biggest gainer from the loss of India due to brain drain. Most of the students who go abroad for higher studies not return to India. After seeing the affluent life of foreign countries they lose all interest in their own country which is quite poor. Nearly 1000 Indians are teaching at various U.S. universities and other institutions of higher learning.
Some of these Indians are placed on quite lucrative and high posts like heads of department, deans, Professors, etc. There are so many causes of brain drain in India. First of all, there is unemployment problem. Even a talented person like Hargobind Khurana could not get any job while he was in India. But as soon as he became the Nobel laureate, everybody tried to adopt him and award honors to him.
India is also lacking in facilities for higher research work. The top appointments are quite few in India. Thus the talented experts like to seek new pastures abroad. There is another attraction of leading a higher standard of living in foreign countries, because the technical experts and intellectuals are given special facilities there. In foreign countries there is advantage that while learning a person can also earn his own living.