Pattachitra Painting

Arts and Crafts

Pattachitra is a type of traditional painting done on cloth or patta. This art form has been traced back to 5 BC. It hails from Odisha and
is especially seen in religious places like Puri, Raghurajpur, Chikiti and Sonepur. Pattachitra paintings usually depict the Jagannath Temple with its three deities Lord Jagannath, his brother Balabhadra and his sister Subhadra and the famous Rath Yatra festival.

How Colours Are Obtained
Pattachitra paintings use only six main colours white, red, yellow, blue, green and black, which are extracted from natural ingredients. White is prepared from conch shell powder, red is extracted from geru (red oxide stone), black from the burnt shells of coconuts, blue from indigo, yellow from haritala stone and green from leaves. The colours are mixed with tree gum to ensure they stick to the cloth and give it some lustre.

Processing the Cloth
The special cloth or patta on which Pattachitra paintings are drawn is created by sticking together layers of old muslin cloth using a mixture of chalk and tamarind seed gum. The cloth is then rubbed with a conch shell to give it a smooth finish. However, this kind of painting is not limited to cloth and can also be done on walls. Here we have created the art form on paper.

What You Need:
As demonstrated by Pramod Maharana
RobinAge reporter Palak Shah met up with Pramod Maharana at a workshop organised by Paramparik Karigar in Mumbai.

Founded in 1996 by Roshan Kalapesi and Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay, Paramparik Karigar is an association of various traditional craftsmen. Its main aim is to promote and preserve dying traditional arts and crafts of India. It organises workshops, seminars and exhibitions, which allow artisans to display their products, skills and knowledge.

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