What Is Global Warming?

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Global warming is the increase in the average temperature of the earths near-surface air and the oceans since the mid-twentieth century and has had serious effects on the flora fauna and weather patterns across the world.

- Ice across the world, such as the ice sheets covering West Antarctica and Greenland and the Arctic Sea ice, is melting. This particular effect of global warming is more visible at the Earth's poles.
- A sharp decline in the number of Adelie penguins living in Antarctica has been recorded. In fact, their count has dropped from 32,000 breeding pairs to just 11,000 in the past few decades.
- The rise in the level of the sea has accelerated over the previous century.
- Certain butterflies, foxes and alpine plants have moved far away to the north or to higher, cooler regions.
- Average precipitation in the form of rain and snowfall has increased across the world.
- It is predicted that the sea levels may rise between seven and 23 inches by the century's end. Continuous melting of ice at the poles could further add another four to eight inches.
- Hurricanes and other types of storms may become stronger.
- Floods and droughts are predicted to become more common as a result of global warming.
- The availability of fresh water may get reduced.
- Diseases like malaria will get spread by mosquitoes.

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