Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru served as the first Prime Minister of India from August 15, 1947 to May 27, 1964. He played an important role in creating infrastructure for the welfare, education and development of children. He helped construct thousands of schools all over India and it was his vision that one day, every child from each of the farthest corners of the country would have access to free primary education. It was his passion towards the advancement of children's rights that has resulted in his birthday being celebrated as Children's Day every year.
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was born on November 14, 1889 in Anand Bhawan in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh. Today, Anand Bhawan houses a museum that displays memorabilia of the Nehru family.
Pandit Nehru's father was renowned lawyer Motilal Nehru and his mother was Swarup Rani. He was the eldest in the family and had two younger sisters, Krishna and Vijaya Lakshmi.
At the age of 15, he left India to pursue his education at Harrow, a boarding school in England. He finished his higher education at Trinity College, Cambridge and Inner Temple, London before coming back to India as a barrister.
In 1916 he married Kamala Kaul and they had one child together, ex-Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. When Nehru came back to India he joined the freedom struggle under Gandhiji's influence and played a huge role in shaping India's independence. When India finally gained independence on August 15, 1947, he was automatically elected as its Prime Minister.
PANDITJI AND CHILDREN
Jawaharlal Nehru helped promote the rights of women, children, the poor and minority communities. Pandit Nehru loved children and they affectionately call him Chacha Nehru.
He helped construct thousands of schools all over India and also helped found many organisations for the welfare and benefit of children including the Children's Film Society, India. It was his passion towards the advancement of children's rights that has resulted in his birthday being celebrated as Children's Day every year.