Famous Freedom Fighters

History

ARUNA ASAF ALI

Aruna Asaf Ali was deeply involved with the Quit India Movement as well as with the underground movement. She travelled extensively, published bulletins and edited 'Inquilab', a monthly journal of the Indian National Congress.

 

BAL GANGADHAR TILAK

Considered Mahatma Gandhi's forerunner, Tilak was among the first leaders to demand for Swaraj. He tried to bind Indians together by celebrating sarvajanik festivals like Ganesh Chaturthi. He started 'The Kesari', a newspaper which is still published in Pune.

 

BHAGAT SINGH

Sukhdev and Rajguru These three were among the most famous revolutionaries in the Indian freedom struggle and active members of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. They were hanged for shooting a police officer in response to the killing of Lala Lajpat Rai and explosions and assembly bombings. They went on a 63-day fast demanding equal rights for Indian and foreign prisoners.

 

BHIKAJI CAMA

Bhikaji Cama promoted the message of India's independence in Europe, where she lived most of her life. She secretly published and distributed revolutionary material in Holland and even unfurled an Indian flag at the International Socialist Conference in Stuttgart, Germany. She also worked extensively with Dadabhai Naoroji.

 

CHANDRASHEKHAR AZAD

An important revolutionary, mentor to Bhagat Singh and a socialist, Chandrashekar Azad believed that the British could be driven away only by force. He transformed the Hindustan Republican Association into the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association and was involved with many revolutionary activities like the Kakori Train Robbery.

 

DADABHAI NAOROJI

Dadabhai Naoroji, also known as the 'Grand Old Man of India', was the first Asian MP in the House of Commons where he spread the message of India's freedom. He helped found the Indian National Congress.

 

DR ANNIE BESANT

Dr Annie Besant was an Irish, born in London. However she spent most of her life in India working for the country’s freedom. She presided over the Congress meeting in 1917 and also started the Home Rule League and a newspaper called 'New India'.

 

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU

Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of independent India, was an active member of the Indian National Congress and presided over it many times, including 1929, when Congress demanded complete freedom from the British.

 

KASTURBA GANDHI

Wife of Mahatma Gandhi, she contributed to the cause of indigo workers in Champaran and the ‘No Tax Campaign’ in Kaira, Gujarat. She was involved in picketing liquor and foreign cloth shops.

 

LALA LAJPAT RAI

Popularly known as Punjab Kesari, he was a prominent leader of the Indian National Congress. He led the Punjab protests against the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre and the Non- Cooperation Movement. He died protesting against the Simon Commission.

 

MAHATMA GANDHI

Mahatma Gandhi is known as the Father of the Nation. He promoted Swadeshi, Satyagraha or passive resistance and civil disobedience. He led major movements such as the Non-Cooperation, Civil Disobedience and Quit India movements.

 

MANGAL PANDEY

Mangal Pandey was a soldier in the Bengal Native Infantry of the British East India Company. Being forced to tear off cartridges, which were allegedly greased with cow and pig fat, with his mouth, he attacked his British officers and triggered off the First War of Indian Independence.

 

MAULANA ABDUL KALAM AZAD

Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad was a prominent Muslim leader of the freedom struggle. He promoted Hindu-Muslim unity and opposed the partition of India. He also became the first Minister of Education in independent India.

 

MOTILAL NEHRU

Motilal Nehru was one of the earliest freedom fighters. Originally a Congress member, he was also a member of the Swaraj Party. He chaired the Nehru Commission, which created the Nehru Report, the first constitution written by Indians demanding dominion status for the country.

 

NETAJI SUBHASH

Chandra Bose Subhash Chandra Bose joined the Indian freedom struggle at a young age. Initially a member of the Congress, he later formed his own party, the Forward Bloc. He fled from India in 1939 and formed the Azad Hind Government in exile and the Indian National Army to free India. He mysteriously disappeared after a plane crash in 1945.

 

RABINDRANATH TAGORE

Tagore is famous as a Nobel Prize winning poet and writer, but he was also a freedom fighter. In fact, he voiced his protests against the British and the plight of Indians through his literary works. He wrote our national anthem 'Jana Gana Mana'.

 

RANI LAKSHMIBAI

Lakshmibai, the queen of Jhansi played a major role in the First War of Independence. She led her army to war against the British when they tried to take possession of her kingdom.

 

SAROJINI NAIDU

Sarojini Naidu is one of India's most famous women freedom fighters. A member of the Congress, she travelled all over India and also abroad, spreading the message of India's independence, especially among women. She was also the first woman governor of independent India.

 

VIJAYALAKSHMI PANDIT

The sister of Jawaharlal Nehru, she was an active participant in the freedom struggle. She participated in the Non-Cooperation, Civil Disobedience and Quit India movements. At the San Francisco UN meeting she demanded rights to represent India. She was the first Indian woman to hold a ministerial rank and the first woman to become president of the UN General Assembly.

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