India: From Then to Now

History

"At the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom. A moment comes, which comes but rarely in history, when we step out from the old to the new...India discovers herself again."

 - Jawaharlal Nehru, on Independence Day, 1947

After more than 200 years of British rule, India won back its freedom on August 15, 1947. At the Red Fort in Delhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, the nation's first Prime Minister, unfurled the tricolour of independent India for the first time. 

 

Today, the Indian Independence Day is celebrated as a national holiday. People hoist the National Flag throughout the country. The Prime Minister  addresses the nation, recounts the country's achievements and discusses current issues and future plans for the progress of the nation and its people.

LET'S LOOK BACK AT THE LAST 63 YEARS AND RECOUNT SOME OF THE EVENTS THAT SHAPED INDIA AS WE KNOW OF IT TODAY

1948: Peace lover and leader Mahatma Gandhi was killed by Nathuram Godse on January 30.

1949: Close to one million Hindu refugees flooded into Bengal and other states from East Pakistan, owing to communal violence, intimidation and repression from Muslim authorities.

1950:

1951: 

1952: 

1953: 

1957: India passed a bill which placed Kashmir under its control as part of the Union.

1959: 

1960: 

1962: 

1965: 

1966: 

1969: 

1971: India and Pakistan fought the Indo-Pakistan War of 1971, which was their second major war, over East Pakistan. Bangladesh was formed as a result.

1972: 

1974: Under project Smiling Buddha, India successfully detonated its second nuclear weapon near the Pakistani border. This was the first nuclear test to be carried out within the country.

1975: 

1976: The minimum age for marriage was raised to 21 years for men and 18 years for women.

1980: 

1981: On July 2, Infosys was established in Pune.

1982: 

1983: On June 25 India won the Cricket World Cup at Lords under the captaincy of Kapil Dev.

1984:

1985: Indira Gandhi National Open University was established.

1987: On May 30, Goa was elevated from Union Territory status to India's 25th state, with Daman and Diu remaining Union Territories.

1990: VP Singh announced the implementation of the Mandal Commission report. The Mandal Commission allocated seat reservations and quotas for people on the basis of 11 social, economic and educational indicators.

1991: 

1992: 

1993: 

1994: India rolled out the Prithvi missile at the Republic Day Parade in New Delhi.

1997: On September 5, Mother Teresa died of heart failure in Kolkata.

1998: 

1999:

2000: 

2001: 

2002: On February 27, a series of riots left hundreds dead after pilgrims died aboard a train burned in Godhra, Gujarat.

2004: 

2005: On July 26, Mumbai was submerged under 5 to 7 feet of water following a cloudburst. The financial capital of India literally came to a standstill for four to five days.

2006: 

2007: Pratibha Patil was elected as the first female President of India on July 19.

2008: 

2009: On March 23, Tata Motors launched the world’s least expensive car, Nano. The car is priced between Rs 1.20 lac and Rs 1.30 lac.

2010: 

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