Rangoli is a form of decoration commonly used on the ground outside Indian houses. The term rangoli comes from the Sanskrit words rang (colour) and aavalli (meaning coloured creepers or rows of colour)
The motifs in traditional rangolis are taken from nature and mythological legends - the swastik, lotus, trident, fish, conch shell, footprints (of Goddess Lakshmi), creepers, leaves, trees, flowers and animals. The designs may also be geometrical patterns like dots, squares, circles or triangles.
The entire pattern of a rangoli must always be drawn as an unbroken line. Any gaps left anywhere in the design are believed to be ways for evil spirits to enter the household. Others believe that the broken lines possess vibrations that are harmful to the human body.
HOW TO MAKE RANGOLI
What You Need:
- Sketch pens or colour pencils
- Different powdered colours
- Decorations of your choice
- Choose a design. If it's your first time, it's better to choose a simple design.
- Make a sketch of the design on a sheet of paper for practice.
- Colour this design in the shades you will finally use in the rangoli. This will be a good guide.
- Clean the floor with a wet cloth. Let it dry.
- Draw the outline of the rangoli design using chalk.
- Fill up the designs and the gaps according to the design you have drawn.
- Sprinkle the powder very carefully so that it doesn't cross the border or merge.
- You can use glitter, beads, spices or anything else to make the design innovative. You can also leave spaces in the rangoli to place the diyas.
TYPES OF RANGOLI
Traditional Rangoli: The most common form of rangoli involves the use of gulal (coloured powder) to fill in the designs and patterns. Sometimes a base material like sand, marble dust, saw dust or brick dust can be used to make the colours easier to control.
Floral Rangoli: Fresh flowers in different hues are used instead of powder to fill in the motifs.
Alpana/Kolam: This rangoli is made using rice powder soaked in water. The rangoli is usually just outlined and the motifs are not filled.
Pulse/Spice Rangoli: Gulal is not the only medium to create a rangoli. Everyday cooking items like turmeric, chili, rawa, rice flour, urad, masoor and similar pulses and spices can also be used to create the designs.
Water Rangoli: To make this rangoli, freeze water in a flat dish. Place the flat dish with the frozen ice in the spot where you want your rangoli. Sprinkle a layer of fine saw dust or charcoal powder on the ice. Then use coloured powder (preferably insoluble) to create the rangoli design. The base layer helps to keep the colours floating once the ice has melted.
Bead Rangoli: Beads of various colours are used to create the designs.