Rangolis are an auspicious symbol. It is believed that during Lakshmi Pooja, the Goddess Lakshmi actually enters the household. The geometrical patterns and designs, traditionally applied with rice flour at the entrance to a home, invite Goddess Lakshmi into the household and drive away evil spirits. They are also created to please her in the hope that she may bless the house and stay for the full year. The other reason for using rice flour is that it provides food for ants and other small insects. Diwali is a time when friends and relatives visit each other's houses so rangolis are also used to give them a warm welcome.
RANGOLI IS KNOWN AS:
- Muggu or muggulu in Andhra Pradesh
- Puvidal in Kerala
- Kolam in Tamil Nadu
- Sathiya in Gujarat
- Mandana in Rajasthan
- Chaukpurna in Madhya Pradesh
- Alpana in Bengal
- Aripana in Bihar
- Chowkpurana in Uttar Pradesh
- Rangoli in Maharashtra
- Rangoli in Karnataka
MATERIALS FOR RANGOLI
Rangoli Colours: Best used for traditional designs.
Saw Dust: Saw dust floats on water so coloured sawdust makes an excellent ingredient for floating rangolis.
Rice or Coarse Salt: One can use rice grains as they are or in powder form. Colour can be added to the rice or rice powder by mixing it with either food colouring or rangoli colours. This kind of a mix is easier to fill
into designs because of the texture added by the grains. It also gives an embossed effect.
Chalk Powder: Novices being initiated into the art of creating rangolis are most comfortable using chalk powder or chalk colours.
Pulses: This material gives a 3D effect and the natural colours make for bright rangolis. Pulses can also be stuck on thalis in elaborate designs to create pooja thalis for auspicious ceremonies like Lakshmi Pooja.
Flowers: Do not attempt a flower rangoli if your rangoli is going to sit out in the sun for a long time because flowers tend to shrivel up very easily. But if you want to create a colourful rangoli in the house, flowers and flower petals are the best materials to use as they look bright and colourful and can be cleaned up without leaving stains.
Mixed Rangoli: You can also combine various forms together to make one big rangoli.
MAKE A CARDBOARD RANGOLI
This kind of rangoli is great to gift or place in small passages.
What You Need:
- Coloured sheet
- Coloured stones, shells, beads (materials that will not spoil or rot)
- Glitter glue or pens in gold, silver, bronze and white to line your designs
- Choose a design you want to make. It can be of any shape that appeals to you.
- Take a cardboard and cut it in the shape of your design. It is best to use symmetrical shapes.
- Cut a coloured sheet of the same size.
- Stick the cardboard and coloured sheet together.
- Now decorate the coloured sheet with mirrors, stones, glitter or anything that appeals to you.
- Finally use the liners to outline your design.
- If you are using the cardboard rangoli at home, you can use diyas and flowers to enhance its beauty.
- Alternatively, you can pack the rangoli with some flowers and diyas and gift it to someone.