The Indian Himalayas

Knowledge

The arc-shaped Himalayas extend along the entire northern boundary of India. The term 'Himalaya' is a Sanskrit word that means 'the abode of snow'. The term was coined by the Indian pilgrims who traveled in these mountains in ancient times

The Himalayas consist of mainly young folded mountains. They extend from west to east for about 2,500kms in a curve from the Pamit Knot in the northwest to the valley of the Brahmaputra River in the east. The width of the Himalayas range between 100 and 400kms. The Himalayas cover an area of 6,12,021 sq kms. The Himalayas pass through five nations - India, Pakistan, China, Bhutan and Nepal.
 
The Himalayas were formed approximately 70 million years ago following a collision between India and Asia via the Indo-Australian and Eurasian plates. The Himalayas are geologically alive! The southern front moves approximately 20mms a year and it is estimated that in 10 million years time, the Himalayas will have moved approximately 1,500kms into Asia.
 
The Yeti or Abominable Snowman is an ape-like cryptid (a creature whose existence has been suggested but lacks scientific support) said to inhabit the Himalayan region. The Yeti and Meh-Teh are part of the local history and mythology. Stories of the Yeti first emerged as a facet of Western popular culture in the 19th Century.
 
The Indian Himalayas cover a vast area along the northern frontiers of the country and span five Indian States namely Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh.
 
The Himalayas have acted as a natural and political barrier for centuries, protecting India from invasion from the countries beyond. Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay were the first people to climb Mount Everest on May 29, 1953.

The famous mountains that are part of the Himalayas include Mount Everest, K2, Kanchenjunga (the five treasures of the snow), Nanga Parbat (naked mountain), Annapurna, Manaslu (mountain of the spirit), Lahotse and Dhaulagiri (white mountain).
 
The Himalayas are home to the Indus Basin, the Yangtze Basin and the Ganga Brahmaptura, which are three of the world's primary river systems. Although the Himalayas are the highest mountain range in the world, they are also the youngest.