Understanding the National Policy on Education 2020


On July 29, the Union Cabinet approved the National Policy on Education 2020, bringing about major reforms in the education sector. RobinAgebreaks these down for you.

India’s education policy was first framed in 1968 with major reforms in 1986 and 1992. The National Policy on Education 2020 (NEP 2020) has been drafted by a panel of experts led by former Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) chief K Kasturirangan. It is a step towards making India a global knowledge superpower and has made sweeping changes to the curriculum structure and syllabus.

Curriculum Structure

Vocational Learning


New Subjects

Health Care

The nutrition and health (including mental health) of children will be addressed through healthy meals and regular health check-ups. Health cards will be issued to monitor the same.

Entrance Exams

The National Testing Agency (NTA) will offer a high-quality common aptitude test, as well as specialised common subject exams in the sciences, humanities, languages, arts and vocational subjects, at least twice every year for university entrance exams.

Use of School Premises

Schools, school complexes and public library spaces will be used for adult education courses beyond school hours. They will also be information and communication technology (ICT)-equipped as and when possible, and used for community engagement and enrichment activities.

Adult Education

New Set-ups

The policy proposes the setting up of an Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation (IITI) and lays significant emphasis on Sanskrit and other Indian languages.

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