The word 'athletics' is derived from the Greek word 'athlos'. It is a collection of sports events that involve running, throwing and jumping. The list also includes road running races, cross country races, mountain running and race walking events. Let's take a look at a few athletics events:
High Jump: The athlete takes a running jump to attain height.
Pole Vault: The athlete uses a long, flexible pole as an aid to leap over a bar. Poles were first used as a practical means of passing over natural obstacles in places such as the marshy provinces of Friesland in The Netherlands.
Long Jump: Athletes combine speed, strength and agility in an attempt to land as far from the take-off point as possible.
Triple Jump: The athlete needs to run down a runway until he reaches a designated mark from where he takes three jumps to reach his destination. The sport was previously known as "hop, step and jump."
Shot Put: An event wherein spherical weight is thrown or put from the shoulder. The men's shot weighs 7.26kgs and women's weighs 4kgs.
Hammer Throw: An event wherein a heavy metal ball is attached to a wire and handle. The weight is the same as a shot put and the total length of the hammer is four feet.
Javelin Throw: A javelin is a spear-like object made of metal, fibre-glass and in some cases carbon fibre, which is thrown across the ground with an aim of reaching a maximum distance and landing on its tip.
Discus Throw: A discus is a heavy flat disc with a diameter of 220mm and a weight of 2kgs for the men's event and 1kg for the women's event with a smaller diameter of 181 mm.