August 16, 2022
- According to information shared by the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA), 74 tiger deaths were registered in India from January till mid-July 2022.
- Out of these, 27 deaths, the highest as compared to any state during that period, were recorded in Madhya Pradesh. The state has six tiger reserves and is known as the Tiger State of the country.
- The 27 deceased tigers included adult tigers, sub-adults and cubs.
- Madhya Pradesh is followed by Maharashtra and Karnataka, which registered 15 and 11 deaths, respectively.
- Poaching, depletion of tiger prey, loss of habitat, electrocution, territorial fights and natural causes such as ailments and old age are some of the main reasons for tiger deaths.
- The central government made provisions for the operation of Special Tiger Protection Forces (STPF) in each state so that activities that pose a threat to tigers and their habitats are kept in check. Madhya Pradesh hasn’t constituted this force yet.